Religions and Languages
The languages spoken by the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot communities respectively are Greek & Turkish. English is widely spoken. Russian, French and German are also well spoken within the tourist industry.

Religions - While the majority of Greek-Cypriots are Greek-Orthodox Christians, other denominations are represented on the island, including Roman Catholics, Armenians,& Maronites. The Turkish-Cypriot community is predominantly Muslim but we can feel proud in saying that Cyprus has a high level of freedom worship.

Money and Currency
The currency of the Republic used to be the Cyprus pound - CY£. As from 1st January 2008 the Cyprus pound has been replaced by the Euro as the legal tender money of Cyprus at the irrevocable fixed exchange rate € 1 = CY£ 0,585274. The Euro Banknotes are 7 Denominations and are as follows: 5- Euro , 10- Euro, 20- Euro, 50- Euro, 100- Euro, 200- Euro, 500- Euro

One euro has 100 cent:
There are also 8 euro coins : 1, 2, 5,10, 20 & 50 cent - €1 and €2 . The design of the coins on one side is common to all countries of the euro area, the other side of the coin is of national identities.

Currency Exchange
In Cyprus all banks offer foreign currency exchange services, and on a daily basis they quote the exchange rates of the euro against all major foreign currencies. It is also possible to exchange foreign currency at hotels & certain travel agents. The Central Bank of Cyprus can give you more detailed information concerning exchange rates.

Forms of Payment

Restaurants, Hotels, and major stores accept credit cards, traveler’s cheque’s , Eurocheque’s & banknotes of major foreign currencies. V.A.T. Refund

Foreign visitors from countries outside the EU can claim back V.A.T. on goods exported in their hand luggage. Visitors are eligible for a V.A.T. refund if:

- They are not holders of a passport or other form of identification from an EU Member State.
- They have not resided in Cyprus for more than 365 days in the two years immediately prior to the date of purchase of the goods,
- The total purchased from one store or a chain of stores is more than 171 Euro and less than 17 100 Euro.
- The goods are exported in visitors' hand luggage by the last day of the third month following the month in which the goods were purchased.

In order to claim your V.A.T. refund you will have to:


- Make your purchases from shops that display a tax-free shopping sign and simply ask for your tax-free document.
- When leaving Cyprus show your purchases and passport to customs officials and have your tax-free document stamped.
- Receive your refund in the method of your choice.
More detailed information can be obtained from the V.A.T. Service of the Customs and Excise Department

National Holidays

2014 *

2015 *

2016 *

New Year's Day

Wednesday, 1st January

Thursday, 1st January

Wednesday, 1st January

Epiphany

Monday, 6th January

Tuesday, 6th January

Tuesday, 6th January

Green Monday
(Monday of Lent)

Monday, 3rd March

Monday, 23rd February

Monday 14th March

Greek Independence Day

Tuesday, 25th March

Wednesday 25th March

Friday 25th March

Greek Cypriot National Day

Tuesday, 1st April

Wednesday 1st April

Friday 1st April

Good Friday

Friday, 18th April

Friday 10th April

Friday 29th April

Easter Monday

Monday, 21st April

Monday 13th April

Monday 2nd May

Easter Tuesday

Tuesday, 22nd April

Tuesday 14th April

Tuesday 3rd April

Labour Day

Thursday, 1st May

Friday 1st May

Sunday 1st May

Whit Monday
Pentecost/Kataklysmos

Monday, 9th June

Monday 1st June

Friday 20th June

Assumption Day

Friday, 15th August

Saturday 15th August

Monday 15 August

Cyprus' Independence Day

Wednesday, 1st October

Thursday 1st October

Saturday 1st October

Greek National Day
(Ochi Day)

Tuesday, 28th October

Wednesday 28th October

Friday 28th October

Christmas Day

Thursday, 25th December

Friday 25th December

Sunday 25th December

Boxing Day

Friday, 26th December

Saturday 26th December

Monday 26th December



Dates for 2015/16 are provisonal. We take the definative list from the Cyprus Central bank. Once this is published for these years we will update this list.

General information

The price of products and services in Cyprus varies depending on the season and the location. Below is an indicative list in Euro:

- A single bus ticket costs around € 1
- A glass of beer costs between € 3.50 and € 5
- A ticket to the cinema costs around € 7 for adults and €5 for children
- A ticket to the theatre costs between € 17 and € 25
- A ticket to a concert or opera can cost between € 25 and € 77
- Continental breakfast costs between € 3.40 and € 6
- Lunch – a fixed menu costs between € 10 and € 13.50
- Dinner at a local tavern (meze, including beer or cold drink) costs around € 20
Tipping

Since a 10% service charge is levied in hotels and restaurants, tipping is not obligatory but is always welcome and appreciated.

Time, Working Hours and Holidays

Local Time
Cyprus Time is GMT +2.

Working Hours

Public service operating hours are flexible all year round. Operating days are from Monday to Friday starting between 07:30 - 08:30 and closing between 15:00 - 16:00. Private sector working hours are 08:00 - 13:00, 15:00 - 18:00 Monday to Friday for the period September 15th - May 31st and 08:00 - 13:00, 16:00 - 19:00 (winter) Monday to Friday, for the period June 1st - September 14th .

Shops working hours

Depending on their type of shop and location, shop opening times may vary, Normally shops open between 07:00 – 09:00.

The period November 1st – March 31st shops close 19.30 from Monday, Tuesday, Thursday & Friday, on Wednesday’s at 15:00 & Saturdays at 19:00.

The period of April 1st – October 31st Shops close at 20:00 on the days of Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday at 15:00 on Wednesday & 19:30.

The period of June 15th – August 31st optional is a 3 hour afternoon break from 14:00 – 17:00.

(All barbers and hairdressers are closed each and every Thursday.)

Christmas and Easter have special shopping hours, they are as follows:

December 1st – December 31st, shops are allowed to stay open until 20:00 throughout the week, but must close by 18:00 on Christmas Eve & New Years Eve. Ten Days before Easter Sunday, again shops can remain open till 20:00, but must close by 18:00 on Good Friday.

Eating Hours

Breakfast is usually served between 07:00 and 10:00 in the morning.
Lunch is served in restaurants between 12:00 and 15:00.pm
Dinner is served from 19:00 till late in the evening.


CYPRUS NIGHTLIFE - Clubs and bars

General information about the nightlife on Cyprus island

In all major Cyprus cities & Cyprus resorts, as far as nightlife is concerned, there are plenty of traditional restaurants with live music, entertainment, as for bars and nightclubs, you will be spoilt for choice.

1. Ayia Napa is known internationally for its amazing nightlife which is why it is the main clubbing spot, with its countless bars, pubs, nightclubs, disco’s and its festive atmosphere.

2. Limassol follows closely behind on the nightlife scene, and very close behind follows Paphos, Larnaca, Protaras, & Nicosia. Meanwhile most Pubs and Bars close around 2.00 am, but disco’s & nightclubs remain open till the early hours of the morning.

The majority of people go out around 10pm as nightclubs don’t start filling up until around midnight.
Dress code? Nothing specific, dress casually smart and you will not be refused entry in any club or bar.

Cyprus Nightlife in Brief
Ayia Napa –Napa square is Party town for the younger generation, but there is also a beautiful harbor for those that want the quieter more relaxed evenings to wine and dine. The clubs normally open around 1am and close around 5am.

Agia Napa is slowly developing from a drink till you drop party capital, to a more Cosmopolitan resort. With its new classy café bars, and its relaxing lounge music, ambiance and atmosphere.

Protaras - The bars and clubs in this resort town aren't as raucous as those that can be found in nearby Agia Napa, and all things considered, they are better suited for couples. More family orientated but still plenty going on at night for all. So as the sun starts to set on the eastern coast of Cyprus, the Protaras nightlife starts to heat up, and come alive. Protaras offers you an authentic Cypriot cuisine, with everything in between, from Japanese to Chinese to Mexican to Italian, one is obviously spoilt for choice for dining out, but you also have the choice of fast food ( junk food from US corporations) on offer.

Larnaca – There are so many things to discover in and around the city of Larnaca. Whether it’s for a quiet coffee, or cocktail by the pleasant beach front, maybe a bite to eat? then you will find it all in Larnaca town, with its quaint backstreet restaurants, taverns with authentic Cypriot cuisine and café bars, or take a walk by the Palm tree Promenade (finikoudes) where you will be spoiled with the buzzing atmosphere of the cafés, bars, restaurants, and clubs. If you want to dance the night away then you are in the right place.

Nicosia – The capital of Cyprus is the more sophisticated, less touristy, more Cypriot orientated city, Nicosia is praised for its nightlife with something for everyone. The retro café bars, the top class restaurants with a variety of international cuisine. The old Nicosia town has now been revamped and a whole New selection of stylish bars, retro cafés, & restaurants have opened up for you to enjoy.

Limassol – Apart from being the largest city, Limassol boasts of vibrant varied choices of where to go, it caters for everyone, with its array of stylish Bars, Café’s, Pubs, & Clubs. Chic lounges, music bars, pulsating dance clubs. Relax, chill out or dance the night away, the choice is yours, but one thing you can be sure of, you will have a nice time.

Paphos – The nightlife in Paphos is plentiful, it even has its own street dedicated to bars, pubs and clubs called Bar Street, Ideal for all ages, and nice for couples. Night clubs with good live music. A wide variety of restaurants catering for all tastes, offering international cuisine such as French, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Lebanese, Japanese, Russian, Mexican and others. Also entertaining are the Traditional local taverns which provide you with tantalizing cypriot greek cuisine and live greek music.

Eating and drinking in Cyprus


(Since a 10% service charge is levied in hotels and restaurants, tipping is not obligatory but is always welcome and appreciated.)

Cyprus Food

If there is one main element that characterizes the Cypriot cuisine, it is its freshness. The other is the variety of dishes that you will find in Cyprus. The Cypriot cuisine due to its Greek, Turkish and Middle Eastern influences offers some unique dishes and culinary experiences. The Cypriot cuisine involves appetizers, delicacies and salads, main dishes and sweets. There is also the traditional Cyprus coffee and other traditional beverages brewed on the island. Amongst the dishes you would expect to be served in most of the Cypriot restaurants and definitely should try when dining out in Cyprus are: Meze, which consists of around 30 different dishes being served to you consistently throughout the evening, they begin to serve you from appetizers, to cold cuts, variety of fish dishes, meats, and much much more and finishes with fresh fruit. But it is definitely an experience you have to try at least once when visiting Cyprus.

Appetizers

Tzatziki (yogurt with garlic, cucumber, olive oil and a little pepper)

Tahini (Crushed sesame seeds with olive oil, lemon and garlic)

Taramosalata (Fish roe , pureed potatoes with olive oil, parsley, lemon juice and onion)

Haloumi (soft cheese usually grilled, made from either goat or sheep milk and sometimes spiced with peppermint)

Hummus (chickpeas and tahini)

Food

Soulva (lamb, pork, chicken cooked on a skewer , garnished with oregano , salt and lemon)

Souvaki (same as souvla but smaller pieces , placed in a pitta bread with salad and tzatziki)

Stifado (Beef or rabbit stew with wine, vinegar, onions and spices)

Mousaka (Baked lamb and eggplant covered with béchamel sauce)

Kleftiko (lamb cooked for around 24 hours in a clay oven with lemon juice, and cinnamon)

Fasolada (dry white beans, olive oil, and vegetables)

Koupepia (Vine leaves stuffed with minced meat and rice)

Loukanika (Pork sausages soaked in red wine, seasoned with coriander and pepper)

Sheftalia (minced pork, chopped onions, bread crumbs, chopped parsley, white pepper and salt)

Afelia (pork, red wine, mushrooms, potatoes and coriander seeds)

Calamari

Yemista (stuffed vegetables such as: peppers, tomatoes, onions, courgettes, aubergines or stuffed courgette petals) Calamari (Cyprus of course being a Mediterranean island has a lot of fresh fish dishes to offer including barbouni - red mullet, octopus cooked in wine, kalamari, white bait, sea bass and a lot more.)

Delicacies

Lountza (smoked pork loin)

Tsamarella (dried goat meat in coriander seeds and wine)

Chiromeri (pork meat in wine and smoked) Zalatina (gelatine and boiled pork)

Sweets

Soutzouko (made out of grape juice and nuts)

Loukoumi (known as Turkish delight)

Palouzes (like a jelly made out of grape juice)

Glyko (preserves of almond, date, apricot, cherry, quince or grapes)

Kourabiedes (small almond cakes coated in icing sugar)

Melomakarona ( honey cakes)

Finikia ( walnut cakes)

Loucoumi (Turkish delight)

Loukoumades (very sweet, small, Cyprus style doughnuts with honey)

Kadeifi, Baklava and Galatopureko (very rich, sweet cakes made with honey)

Vasilopita (Traditional New Year’s Cake with one gold coin in it. The person that gets the slice with the coin is said to have good luck all year long.)

Fresh Fruit - fruit is often served as a dessert!

Beverages


Commandaria wine ( sweet dessert wine made from grapes) Zivania spirit (produced by distillation of grapes). Ouzo is another famous and traditional Cyprus drink, which is produced by double distillation of selected dry wines, together with seeds of anise.

Cyprus beers (due to the mild climate that produces rich wheat, which is used to brew high quality light beers)

Cypriot coffee (The coffee is made from fresh, finely ground coffee beans, usually Brazilian. There is (sweet) "glikis" , (medium) "metrios" and "sketos" which is unsweetened. When the sugar has dissolved, the coffee is allowed to come to the boil, forming a creamy froth known as "kaimaki" on top. Cyprus coffee is served in small cups and is customarily accompanied with a glass of cold water.

Frappe An iced coffee drink. It is either glykos (sweet), metrios (medium sweet) or sketos (no sugar). It is also ordered with milk (me gala) or without.

Importing Products

Once entering Cyprus Every person is entitled to import the following duty free articles (not intended for commercial purposes), provided they are carried in the passengers' hand luggage or accompanying baggage:

Tobacco
800 cigarettes
400 cigarillos
200 cigars
1kg of tobacco
Alcohol
10 litres of spirits
20 litres fortified wine, (such as port or sherry)
90 litres of wine (of which, a maximum of 60 litres of sparkling wine)
110 litres of beer

Traveller’s under the age of seventeen are not entitled to duty free tobacco products and alcohol.
Prohibited

It is prohibited to import agricultural products or propagating stock such as fruit, vegetables, cut flowers, dry nuts, seeds, bulbs, bulb-wood sticks, cuttings, etc., without the approval of the competent authorities. The import, possession and use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances are strictly prohibited. The import of fire arms, ammunition, explosives, flick knives, daggers, swords, obscene books, photographs, films and articles as well as goods bearing a forged trademark or false trade description is prohibited or restricted. Also prohibited or restricted are pirated or counter feit goods, animals, birds, uncooked meat and fish and products there of, milk and dairy products.

Practical information

Drinking Age Limit

The legal drinking age in Cyprus is 17. Drivers should exercise due care over the amount of alcohol consumed. The legal limit in breath is 22 micrograms of alcohol per 100 milliliters of breath. The legal limit in blood is 50 milligrams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood. Tap Water

Water is safe to drink in some areas of Cyprus not all. Being cautious is the best thing as when visiting any country. So when in doubt, buy water just to be on the safe side.

Electricity

The electricity supply in Cyprus is 230 volts, a.c. 50 Hz. Sockets are usually 13 amp, square pin in most buildings. More than one low current rating appliance may be operated from the same supply point by using an adaptor (i.e. radios, electric clocks etc.). The use of adaptors for operating high current rating appliances is not recommended (i.e. electric heaters, toasters, irons etc.). Many hotels provide adaptors upon request from the reception. Adaptors can be purchased from electricians, supermarkets, grocery shops, etc.

Measurement System- Cyprus uses the metric system of weights and measures. Temperatures are reported in degrees Celsius, petrol is sold by the liter, grocery items are in grams and kilograms, fabric lengths in meters, and road speeds and distances posted in kilometres.

Procedure of Filing a Complaint


If you have a complaint concerning an establishment or a service, you can contact the manager of the hotel or tourist establishment. If for whatever reason you are not satisfied and wish to take your complaint further, please contact the Cyprus Tourism Organization.

Working in Cyprus


The employment of European citizens is regulated by the “Law on Free Movement and Residence of Nationals of the Member States of the European Union and their Families”. Some professions are regulated by local legislation setting out the qualifications and procedures needed to acquire the right to pursue a specific profession. The employment of non-European citizens is subject to the approval of the Department of Labor which examines applications submitted by employers seeking to hire foreigners in order to meet pressing, short term needs in the labor market in certain economic fields and occupations. Further detailed information can be obtained from the Ministry of Labor and Social Insurance .

Dress code for visiting churches and monasteries In many churches, long trousers are ok, if you are not attending services per’ se. Wearing very short skirts or shorts is as unacceptable as it is when visiting churches in many countries. No Sleeveless tops. Covering bare shoulders is easily done with a scarf/shawl.

If you happen to be wearing trousers or Short skirt, some churches and monasteries often provide a rack of sarongs outside, which you can wrap around your waist over your slacks,(and then the question arises, do they wash the sarongs? Yes they do). Or, you can carry a very lightweight scarf in your day-pack which is sufficiently large to use in the same manner.

Cyprus Emergency Services Information


In case of emergency in Cyprus, immediate response can be given by calling the following telephone numbers. (English is spoken)

AMBULANCE CALL: 199 or 112
FIRE SERVICE CALL: 199 or 112
POLICE CALL: 199 or 112

Find an open pharmacy at night in Cyprus

NIGHT PHARMACIES - CYPRUS WIDE NUMBER: 192

OR automatic recorded info of night pharmacies in Cyprus by district

Nicosia: 90 90 14 12 Limassol: 90 90 14 15 Larnaca: 90 90 14 14

Paphos: 90 90 14 16 Famagusta: 90 90 14 13

NARCOTICS & POISONING Cyprus Emergency Service Number

Emergency Service: Information Center for drugs and Poisoning: 90 90 14 01

CYPRUS HOSPITALS - Hospitals in Cyprus

Nicosia General Hospital: +357 22 80 14 00, 22 80 14 75 (Accidents & Emergency)
Limassol General Hospital: +357 25 80 11 00, 25 30 57 70
Paphos General Hospital: +357 26 80 32 60, 26 30 61 00
Larnaca General Hospital: +357 24 80 05 00, 24 80 03 69
Polis Hospital: +357 26 32 14 31
Kyperounta Hospital: +357 25 53 20 21
Agros Hospital: +357 25 52 13 17
Paralimni Hospital: +357 23 82 12 11

Petrol stations in Cyprus


It is common in towns now, that you have attendants to fill your tank for you, although some are self service. Now major stations have shops which you can buy auto accessories and food & beverages.

Mountain driving uses more fuel than you might think. So if you are planning such a trip, be sure you have enough fuel to get you there and back. If you make a wrong turn, although the distance may not look far on the map, it can take you some time to find your way back to civilization.

Most petrol stations are closed for attendant service on Tuesday and Sunday.

This is not usually a problem though, as many have machines that accept bank notes, ( no coins) major credit and debit cards and therefore operate 24 hours. The cash machines have instructions in Greek and English.

Mountain driving uses more fuel than you might think. Planning a trip? be sure you have enough fuel to get you there and back. If you make a wrong turn, although the distance may not look far on the map, it can take you some time to find your way back to civilization.

Most petrol stations are closed for attendant service on Tuesday and Sunday.

This is not usually a problem though, as many have machines that accept bank notes, major credit and debit cards and therefore operate 24 hours. The cash machines have instructions in Greek and English.

Taxis in Cyprus

It’s always best to carry a Good Taxi Service Card, especially if you are going somewhere that isn’t a built up area. In Towns/ Cities there are normally many Taxi service offices around, or there are Taxis waiting around to be hailed down by you.

CYPRUS CLIMATE AND WEATHER INFORMATION.


. Cyprus is a popular all year round holiday destination.

Cyprus enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with abundant sunshine year round. Cyprus is an island for all seasons. Cyprus offers guaranteed clear skies dry and warm weather in the summer months and a mild climate during the winter months Cyprus Weather at a Glance

Cyprus

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Min Temp (°C)

7

6

8

11

16

20

22

22

20

16

12

8

Max Temp (°C)

16

17

18

22

26

30

32

32

30

27

22

18

Min Temp (°F)

45

44

47

53

61

68

72

72

68

62

54

48

Max Temp (°F)

62

63

66

72

80

87

90

90

87

82

73

65


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